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4 November, 2019

ANIMAL FARM – George Orwell

Filed under: Animal farm — csa1 @ 19:49

Animal Farm audio book

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gl4REOWdJSE

Vocabulary:

tushes : défenses

rafter: charpente

Animal Farm book summary and review

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QnTUV2k4CRs

                   Sources : Ida Relotić

Završni rad Mentor: doc. dr. sc. Ljubica Matek Osijek, 2015.

George Orwell’s Animal Farm: from Utopia to Dystopia

George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an example of dystopian literature, a genre he is so famous for. As many other pieces of dystopian literature, his novella is also influenced by the teachings of Karl Marx and the creation of socialism. The novella also represents a satire on the Russian Revolution. This paper aims to show how a dystopia arises from what initially seems a noble idea for creating an ideally just (utopian) society. The original idea of a utopian society was born out of Old Major’s dream and carried out after his death by farm animals and pigs as their leaders. Based on Old Major’s vision of the golden future, the basic commandments of the future society are established, but they turn out to be short-lived. The problem of leadership emerges first as pigs start to abuse their position as leaders. The education of animals proves difficult, which makes them liable to manipulation by pigs. Fear, a typical mechanism of totalitarian societies, is used throughout the novella in order to prevent rebellion. The fight for power between two leaders enables the creation of the ultimate enemy and further manipulation which leads to the establishment of a totalitarian society. Commandments are broken one by one, and animals start trading with humans. They forsake their individuality and rationality and are unable to think for themselves because the definition of freedom is dictated by pigs. Alleged traitors are slaughtered by the pig government but animals are still unable to comprehend the seriousness of the situation they live in. Animals slowly become aware that the difference between humans and pigs is not as great as they once thought and when they are unable to differentiate them it becomes clear that their utopia has transformed into a dystopian society.

Help:

dystopia : contre-utopie, anti-utopie, désespérance

 (philosophie)   contre-utopie, du type 1984 de George Orwell

dystopian : dystopique, contre-utopique

Utopia : utopie  nf  

1    projet d’organisation sociale idéale
2    au sens figuré   projet séduisant mais irréalisable
illusion, chimère
utopian : utopique
COMPARISON WITH 1984 also written by George Orwell

984 by George Orwell – review

‘Orwell’s novella is a warning for the human race’

Guardian children’s books site teen reviewer

Sun 29 May 2016, 12.00 BSTLast modified on Wed 20 Sep 2017,10.59 BST

 War is Peace. Freedom is Slavery. Ignorance is Strength.

1984 is a dystopian novella by George Orwell published in 1949, which follows the life of Winston Smith, a low ranking member of ‘the Party’, who is frustrated by the omnipresent eyes of the party, and its ominous ruler Big Brother.

‘Big Brother’ controls every aspect of people’s lives. It has invented the language ‘Newspeak’ in an attempt to completely eliminate political rebellion; created ‘Through crimes” to stop people even thinking of things considered rebellious. The party controls what people read, speak, say and do with the threat that if they disobey, they will be sent to the dreaded Room 101 as a looming punishment.

Orwell effectively explores the themes of mass media control, government surveillance, totalitarianism and how a dictator can manipulate and control history, thoughts, and lives in such a way that no one can escape it.

The protagonist, Winston Smith, begins a subtle rebellion against the party by keeping a diary of his secret thoughts, which is a deadly thoughtcrime. With his lover Julia, he begins a foreordained fight for freedom and justice, in a world where no one else appears to see, or dislike, the oppression the protagonist opposes.

Perhaps the most powerful, effective and frightening notion of 1984 is that the complete control of an entire nation under a totalitarian state is perfectly possible. If the world fell under the control of one or even multiple dictators, the future could easily become a twisted, cruel world where every movement, word and breath is scrutinized by an omnipotent, omnipresent power that no one can stop, or even oppose without the fear of death.

Orwell’s novella is a warning for the human race. It highlights the importance of resisting mass control and oppression.

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