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13 July, 2017

Notion plan for 2018

Filed under: Y oral Term L — csa1 @ 22:24


To what extent can the American dream be a myth or become reality ?

(csa1.unblog.fr: Immigration in the US- Arnold Schwarzenegger)

Oprah Winfrey

Steve jobs

Mark Zuckerberg

A track to follow, Robin Olds (LVA)



How have family relationships Changes in the last decades?

Traditional families vs blending families



What impact can global cities have on people’s everyday lives?

To what extent  are global cities good places to live in?

The example of London : Killer fog p.122

Capital clean-up p.129

Congestion charge/ Londoners through time p.123

London through the eyes of Charles Dickens : Great Expectations p.132

The example of Singapore: A fine city p.128

Singapore Swing  p. 126- 127 (LVA)



How have African American achieved recognition?

Remembering Rosa Parks (recording script)

Martin Luther King’s speech : I have a dream

The prediction p. 45

Norman Rockwell ‘s paintings The problem we all live with.(1963)/ New kids in the neighborhood (1967)

Fighting stereotypes p. 46 (LVA)

Denouncing Inequalities p.47 (LVA)


From slavery to segregation then from Jim Crow laws to the first black president elect:

2008 and 2012 US elections








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Text 1 : Oprah Winfrey


A Successful woman


Website : onlineessays.com




An extract from the essay entitled Oprah Winfrey’s influence in America


Myths and heroes

Definition of the notion

A myth is a popular belief on which social values are often based while a hero can be someone who is ready to sacrifice his or her life in order to make things evolve positively.
Subject OF PRESENTATION In relation to the notion, the subject of my presentation will be the the life of people who had successful careers in the US.
CENTRAL QUESTION We may wonder to what extent myths and heroes can influence people’s careers and if the American dream is a myth or reality.
Illustrations(3 texts) A successful woman / what a great Job! / Facebook Mark Zuckerberg success story

of the text (A successful woman)

WHO ?Oprah WinfreyWHERE ?Born in kosciusko, MississipiWent to NashvilleThen to ChicagoHer TV show is broadcasted to 144 countriesWHEN ?From the 50s to nowMorning Show : ‘AM Chicago’1985 : The Oprah Winfrey ShowWHAT ?She overcame the obstacles of being an African American girl in the South of the USA in the 50s and 60s. She owns her own radio and TV channel.She has her own TV Talk show and a million fans.She is very influential all over the world (l.25)WHY ?She aims at altering the lives of Americans in order for them to be more educated,benevolent and caring.She is a role model for women.INTERESTSPsychological, sociological, economical, educationalANSWER TO CENTRAL QUESTIONShe has achieved the myth of the American dream and influences women with her resilience, her courage and perseverance. She is admired all over the world for her strength.Jobs’s and Zuckerberg’s creations and products are also used worldwide.LINKS WITH OTHER NOTIONSTo conclude, we can say that OW’s ….life/lives is/are the perfect illustration of work and success. Her example can also be taken to deal with the notion ‘Spaces and Exchanges’ for she is well-known all over the world for her talk shows, interviews of famous people, her sense of communication. He is also an example in the struggle for women and black people’s equal rights and her name can be quoted when speaking about ‘Places and Forms of power’ and the progress achieved from segregation to the election of a black president.

Text 2 : Mark Zuckerberg (créateur du réseau social FACEBOOK)

Facebook Mark Zuckerberg Success Story – A Motivation

Source: http://alldailyupdatesandnews.blogspot.in/2011/08/facebooksmark-zuckerberg-success-story.html

Contributed by:Sukti Chakrabarti

As we all know Mark Elliot Zuckerberg is an American computer programmer and Internet

entrepreneur. He is best known for co-creating the social networking site Facebook, today we

look closely in his life and his success story.

Zuckerberg was born in 1984 in White Plains, New York to Karen, a psychiatrist, and Edward

Zuckerberg, a dentist. He and his three sisters, Randi, Donna, and Arielle, were brought up in

Dobbs Ferry, New York.

Interest in Programming

Zuckerberg showed signs of intelligence from an early age, and, in particular, an interest in

programming. An unusual hobby it may seem, the New York born Mark found himself spending

his spare time developing different kinds of computer programs, with a particular emphasis on

communication channels.

School Days

During Zuckerberg’s high school years, under the company name Intelligent Media

Group, he built a music player called the Synapse Media Player

that used artificial intelligence to learn the user’s listening habits, which was posted to Slashdot

and received a rating of 3 out of 5 from PC Magazine. Microsoft and AOL tried to purchase

Synapse and recruit Zuckerberg, but he chose instead to enroll at Harvard University in

September 2002.

Harvard University Life – COLLEGE WHIZZKID

He moved to California, inspired by another Harvard dropout, Bill Gates, and the Ivy League

college’s policy of allowing students to take indefinite leave.

By the time he began classes at Harvard, he had already achieved a “reputation as a

programming prodigy,” notes Vargas.

In the second year, he built a program “CourseMatch”, where you go online and can see what

courses your friends are taking.

A short time later, he created a different program he initially called Facemash that let students

select the best looking person from a choice of photos. According to Zuckerberg’s roommate at

the time, Arie Hasit, “he built the site for fun.”

The site went up over a weekend, but by Monday morning the college shut it down because its

popularity had overwhelmed Harvard’s server and prevented students from accessing the

Internet. In addition, many students complained that their photos were being used without

permission. Zuckerberg apologized publicly, and the student paper ran articles stating that his

site was “completely improper.

Creation of “thefacebook.com”

Students requested to the administration that university should develop an internal website that

would include similar photos and contact details so that students can find about each other.

According to sources, “Mark heard these plans and decided that if the university won’t do

something about it, he will, and he would build a site that would be even better than what the

university had planned”

Originally called thefacebook.com, Facebook was founded Mark Zuckerberg on Feb.4, 2004

with some financial help from his friend Eduardo Saverin.

In the initial stages of development the site was purely for students at Harvard, but Zuckerberg

and his companions saw the potential for it to become increasingly widespread, and so made the

decision to make it available to other students. These were other US universities at first, with the

most recognizable being Yale, but again, the site escaped these boundaries until it became the

social utility that anyone can sign-up to in today’s world.

In August 2005, thefacebook was officially called Facebook and the domain facebook.com was

purchased for a reported $200,000.

Facebook launched a high-school version in September 2005, which Zuckerberg called the next

logical step.At that time, high-school networks required an invitation to join. Facebook later

expanded membership eligibility to employees of several companies, including Apple Inc. and

Microsoft. Facebook was then opened on September 26, 2006, to everyone of age 13 and older

with a valid email address.

It is widely accepted that there are many risks associated with entrepreneurship, and Zuckerberg

is no stranger to this. Following the launch of the ‘News Feed’ on September 5th, 2006, many

were quick to voice their concerns about people being able to cyberstalk others – something

which deserves to an entry in the Mark Zuckerberg biography on the basis that taking chances is

something budding entrepreneurs must adapt to.

In May 2007, Mark set-up Facebook platform, something which enables social applications to be

created within Facebook and therefore hosts great appeal to developers. Recent statistics show

that there are 800,000 active developers using this spin-off service worldwide.

On October 24, 2007, Microsoft announced that it had purchased a 1.6% share of Facebook for

$240 million, giving Facebook a total implied value of around $15 billion. Microsoft’s purchase

included rights to place international ads on Facebook. In October 2008, Facebook announced

that it would set up its international headquarters in Dublin, Ireland. In September 2009,

Facebook said that it had turned cash-flow positive for the first time. In November 2010, based

on SecondMarket Inc., an exchange for shares of privately held companies, Facebook’s value

was $41 billion (slightly surpassing eBay’s) and it became the third largest US web company

after Google and Amazon. Facebook has been identified as a possible candidate for an IPO by


Traffic to Facebook increased steadily after 2009. More people visited Facebook than Google

for the week ending March 13, 2010.

In March 2011 it was reported that Facebook removes approximately 20,000 profiles from the

site every day for various infractions, including spam, inappropriate content and underage use, as

part of its efforts to boost cyber security.

In early 2011, Facebook announced plans to move to its new headquarters, the former Sun

Microsystems campus in Menlo Park, California.

Release of statistics by DoubleClick showed that Facebook reached one trillion pageviews in the

month of June 2011, making it the most visited website in the world. It should however be noted

that Google and some of its selected websites are not counted in the DoubleClick rankings.


As we all know controversies are part of success. Mark too faced many controversies in early

years, some of them were legal controversies. Later all cases filed was dismissed.


In 2010, Zuckerberg was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year. As of 2011, his personal

wealth was estimated to be $13.5 billion.

Zuckerberg has been portrayed as a detached, cold and calculating internet visionary in the

Golden Globe award-winning film The Social Network; however the accuracy of several

incidents has been disputed. Recently, Zuckerberg became a signatory to The Giving Pledge,

committing to donate most of his wealth to philanthropic causes.

He is said to be one of the youngest self made billionaire.

Best Decision

Going open source in 2007. This allowed anyone to create applications for Facebook users,

providing a much enhanced service to Facebook users.

Some inspirational words from him:

“I’m trying to make the world a more open place.”

- Mark Zuckerberg

Lets admire and inspire from one of the Perfectionist and learn from his desire to push the



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