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21 September, 2011

Derived Adjectives

Filed under: Derived Adjectives — csa1 @ 17:10

 Derived Adjectives

 

ADJECTIVES

PREFIXES

Dis-,ir-,in-,im-,un- express  the opposite  

PREFIXES

ROOTS

ADJECTIVES

NOUNS

VERBS

Dis-

qualified

Disqualified

Disqualification

Disqualify

Ir-

responsible

Irresponsible

Irresponsibility

 

In-

capable

Incapable

Incapacity

 

Im-

patient

Impatient

Impatience

 

Un-

pleasant

Unpleasant

Unpleasantness  please

a-

Sleep (N/V)

Asleep

sleep

sleep

 NB : a-  is not a suffix indicating the contrary.

Verbs and  their contrary 

PREFIXES

ROOTS

VERBS

NOUNS

Mis +

Understand

Take

Misunderstand

Mistake

Misunderstanding

Mistake

 

Use

Misuse

 Misuse

SUFFIXES 

NOUN 

+ SUFFIXES  ADJECTIVES 
Comfort  -able  Comfortable 
Person  -al  Personal 
America  -an  American 
wood  -en  Wooden 
North  -ern  Northern 
care  -ful  Careful 
Friend  -less  Friendless 
poet  -ic  Poetic 
History  -ical  Historical 
China -ese Chinese 
England  -ish  English 
Day  -ly  Daily 
Danger  -ous  Dangerous 
Trouble  -some  Troublesome 
Cloud  -y  Cloudy 

 

Noun / Adjective + ish : Spanish, British, / blueish, reddish, yellowish

Noun / Verb / Adjective + Some : awsome, lonesome 

Verbs                           Adjectives 

 Amuse )                         amused  

 Please  )  + ed  :   -        pleased   

Inhabit )                        inhabited  

 

Amuse )                      amusing

Excite  )  + ing :        exciting

Amaze )                      amazing

 

Interest + ing     :      interesting  

Please  +  ant  :       pleasant

Compete   + ent   :   competent      

 

compound Adjectives

 

Several combinations are possible

Adj + adj  : dark blue, light green

Noun + noun : sky-blue, navy-blue, snow-white, stone-cold

                               ankle-deep, knee-deep,

                               waist-high, shoulder-high

Adj+noun : full-dress (d’apparat), full-length (portait en pied), full-size (grandeur nature)

Adj + verb in -ing : good-looking/better-looking/the best-looking, sweet-smelling            

Adverb+verb in -ing : hard-working (laborieux) /harder-working/the hardest-working, everlasting (éternel),

Noun+verb -en (p.p.) : snow-covered, horse-drawn (hippomobile)

Noun+verb -ing : heart-breaking (navrant), painstaking (travailleur),

Adv+verb-en (p.p.)  :well-known, ill-bred (mal élevé),

Adv+adj : evergreen, overconfident(présomptueux), hypersensitive (hypersensible)

Adj+noun +ed : blue-eyed, fair-haired, long-legged

       Many compound adjectives cannot be turned into comparatives or superlatives.

      When they can, they are considsered as long adjectives : ex more old-fashioned, the most old-fashioned (démodé)                                            

    

ADJECTIFS

Les adjectifs sont nécessaires pour  exprimer une opinion favorable ou défavorable :

OPINIONS   FAVORABLES

OPINIONS    DEFAVORABLES

I think it’s normal to … (verb …)

I find it logical to …

 

He’s right.

She’s right.

They’re right.

 

I agree with him.

I agree with her.

I agree with them.

 

If I were him, I would say so.

If I were her, I would do that.

If I were them, I would do the same.

I think it’s strange to … (verb …)

I find it peculiar to …

 

He’s wrong.

She’s wrong.

They’re wrong.

 

I don’t agree with him.

I disagree with her.

I don’t agree with them.

 

  • If I were him, I wouldn’t do so because it can be dangerous.
  • If I were her, I wouldn’t say that because it’s ridiculous.
  • If I were them, I wouldn’t do the same : I think it’s stupid.

 

On a aussi besoin d’adjectifs pour mentionner les qualités et les défauts :

About characters

Right, good, nice, kind, charming, lovely, Wrong, bad, wicked, unpleasant, unfriendly, nasty, unkind, unbearable, mean
Good-tempered, easy-going, out-going, Bad-tempered, moody, annoying, touchy, fussy
 Optimistic Pessimistic
Lucky Unlucky
Intelligent, clever, bright, smart, realistic Stupid, silly, ridiculous, dumb, dull, daft, thick, foolish
Honest, Reliable, serious, modest Dishonest , Unreliable, absent-minded
Brave, courageous, ambitious Cowardly, chicken
Extrovert, open-minded, broad-minded,  lively Shy, reserved, introvert, sensitive,  narrow-minded, awkward, self-conscious
Hard-working, industrious Lazy
Tidy, organized Untidy, messy
Polite Impolite, rude, tactless, boastful
Cheerful Sad, unhappy
Sociable, caring, helpful, relaxed, self-confident Selfish, jealous, unsociable, uncommunicative, prejudiced,
Sensible, Funny Mad, crazy
Generous Stingy
Tolerant Stubborn
Quiet, calm, Talkative

For situations and attitudes

Normal,logical Funny, strange, peculiar
Right, honest, friendly Wrong
Wonderful, fantastic Awful,horrible,terrible
Surprising,astonishing Surprising, astonishing, incredible
Good, nice, pleasant, friendly Shocking, silly,stupid,ridiculous

About places

Nice, pleasant, smashing Horrible, terrible, awful

About activities

Interesting,exciting,pleasant,nice Boring, tiring, dangerous,difficult

 

self-conscious :

(adjective) embarrassed, nervous, uncomfortable, awkward, insecure, diffident, ill at ease, sheepish, bashful, shamefaced, like a fish out of water…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To be continued

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