I Speak English

"Practice Makes Perfect"

16 September, 2011

I introduce myself

Filed under: I introduce myself — csa1 @ 23:33

https://writer.inklestudios.com/

How are you? (synonyms) : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=juKd26qkNAw

 

HELP ME IMPROVE MY ENGLISH

http://www.lyceecharliechaplin.com/index.php/outils-bac/anglais/terminales/377-pour-s-entrainer-a-l-expression-ecrite

 

Pour enrichir sa culture générale

sur l’immigration aux USA:

http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/immigration/tour/index.htm

- Regarder et écouter le plus souvent possible les infos (BBC)

- Regarder des Film en VO ex the Social Network, Very Bad Trip,…

soustitrés en français (au début)

puis en anglais

 

enrichir son vocabulaire:mémoriser

2017 – Fake news : false often sensational information disseminated under the guise of news reporting.

2016 - Brexit: Noun meaning “the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union”.

2015 - Binge-watch: Verb meaning “to watch a large number of television programmes (especially all the shows from one series) in succession”.

2014 - Photobomb: Verb meaning “spoiling a photograph by stepping in front of them as the photograph is taken, often doing something silly such as making a funny face”.

2013 - Geek: Countable noun meaning “someone who is skilled with computers, and who seems more interested in them than in people”.

 

Faire des fiches :

En grammaire, chaque fiche sera thématique : verbes irréguliers en anglais, liste de pronoms, d’adverbes, de prépositions, de noms usuels selon les situations (à la maison, au travail, dans la rue, dans un magasin, etc.),expressions idiomatiques anglaises, faux-amis, mots de liaison, etc.

 

Il y a des expressions qu’il faut absolument mémoriser. Pour cela, pas de recette miracle, il faut les retenir et savoir les utiliser.

Ces mots indispensables sont les « mots grammaticaux », ils regroupent :

  • Les déterminants,
  • Les prépositions (at, in, to…),
  • Les conjonctions (and, but, as soon as…),
  • Les auxiliaires (be, have, do, must…),
  • Les pronoms (I, you, mine, their…).

Ces « mots grammaticaux » sont le socle de la linguistique anglaise, il est indispensable de les maîtriser pour poursuivre sa formation en anglais.

Heureusement, les « mots lexicaux » en anglais sont bien plus faciles à mémoriser. Il ne s’agit plus de les apprendre par cœur, mais d’appliquer des règles grammaticales simples.

  • Les mots transparents : il existe des milliers de mots transparents entre notre langue maternelle et l’anglais (collection, economy, essential, dance, parent, etc.)
  • Les préfixes : tout comme en français, la langue anglaise utilise les préfixes pour changer le sens d’un nom. Après = post, Contre = anti, Autour = peri, etc.
  • Les suffixes : comme pour les préfixes, les suffixes en anglais (hood, er, less, able…) servent à former un nom, un adjectif et même un verbe. Exemple : Adjectif + en : short = court / short(en) = raccourcir.

Quelques expressions idiomatiques :

1)Something easily accomplished, as in I had no trouble finding your house-a piece of cake. 

Les doigts dans le nez

2)“be wrapped in fur”. Sera le dindon de la farce

3) “will be one sandwich short of a picnic”. Qu’il aura une araignée au plafond

4)“nutty as fruitcake” :Il aura une araignée dans le plafond

5)“make a mountain from a molehill”:en faire tout un fromage

6)“To squeeze the rich until the pips squeak” :Presser comme un citron

 

7)“To let someone whistle for his money” :Payer en monnaie de singe

 

8)“To rub salt in the wound” :Tourner le couteau dans la plaie

 

9)“To have a stick (or poker) up one’s ass” : Etre collet monté

 

10)“To go for broke” : Jeter son dévolu

 

lire beaucoup en englais : ebooks en ligne

 

Vous pouvez aussi faire des fiches sur l’histoire du monde anglophone, classée par pays.

Ex la liste des monarques britanniques qui ont marqué leur temps:

voir le lien :

http://www.histoiredumonde.net/Liste-des-rois-d-angleterre.html

 

ORAL EXPRESSION

You start a new school year

The teacher will probably ask you to introduce yourself:

My name is …

I’m sixteen …

I live in …

My home phone number is …

I’ve got … brothers and … sisters/ I’m an only child

My father is  a…/an engineer; he works in …

He drives me to school every day

and tells me about his own experience.

He is very strict with me and teaches me to respect myself

and respect others.

He wants me to have ambition and good school results.

 

My mother is a nurse…/… unemployed but she does plenty of housework

She is a super mum: she cooks delicious dishes,

I love her tasty cooking, particularly her brownies.

I ‘m crazy about music, especially reggae  and gospel music.

I play the guitar and I try to practise every day.

I love bèlè rhythms too because they are part of our tradition.

I enjoy drawing and painting every now and then.

I belong to a basket-ball club called the “Lucky Fellows” and we have won our last three matches.

I do not like school, I find it a little boring.

I would have preferred more cultural activities such as making a film, a music hall or a play

we would perform at the end of the school year.

  I’m crazy about films : I go to the cinema with my mates

every fortnight at Madiana.

The last movie I saw was “Case Départ”,

it’s about a serious issue : slavery, but the film-maker

presented it in a very humorous way;

which has never been seen before, since some people think

you shouldn’t laugh   with such an important topic.

I’m fond of reading too

and right now, I’m reading a book about

Sept.11th written by a historian,

Nicole Bacharan entitled :

September 11th, the Day of Chaos.

She is a specialist of  U.S. politics

and she wrote that book with a journalist, writer and  chief editor

called Dominique Simmonet.

They give a detailed account of the tragic events

that almost shattered the very heart of the power.

At school, my favourite subject is English/Spanish… because …

I dislike  Mathematics/Literature … because …

I have/don’t have lunch at the school canteen/ at home.

In the morning,…

I usually go to school by car/I sometimes walk to school when…

In the evening, …

I go home by bus…/ I walk home…

My best friend is …/ He …/him / She …/her…/ We … together… Our … Us …Each other …

  I’ve got a pet. It’s a dog/puppy/cat/kitten/tortoise/rabbit/horse/mare …

I don’t have a pet / I haven’t got a pet.

I fancy travelling/ I’ve been to St-Lucia / Dominica / Trinidad and Tobago …

But I’ve never been to Australia /…

I’m sure you can find plenty of other topics to deal with

 

 

10 September, 2018

Ayanna Pressley’s life and rise

Filed under: Myths and heroes — csa1 @ 7:40

Sources/ The Boston Globe:

https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2018/09/08/the-life-and-rise-ayanna-pressley/pqdppGFPoZPSEwo3Ko23BJ/story.html

By Michael Levenson and Stephanie Ebbert, GLOBE STAFF  SEPTEMBER 08, 2018

(Who is  Ayanna Pressley ?

Ms. Pressley was the first black woman elected to the City Council and for three elections in a row was the city’s top vote-getter. She’s a Democrat. She won her Massachusetts primary for Congress last Sept 4th, 2018.  She will be the first black woman to represent Massachusetts in Congress, and the first black person period to represent Massachusetts in the US House of Representatives.

“Change can’t wait!” she shouted, echoing her campaign slogan, her voice raspy as it took on speed and urgency.)

An awkward silence hung over the auditorium at the Francis W. Parker School, a prestigious private school in Chicago, where 300 mostly wealthy, white high school students were supposed to be talking about race relations to commemorate Martin Luther King Jr Day.

Then, the organizer of the event, a 14-year-old freshman, stepped forward and shared her experience as one of the only black students at Parker. Something in the room shifted.

Over the next hour, Ayanna Pressley and her co-organizer, a white student named Allison Amend, led their classmates in what Amend recalled as one of the most formative moments of her childhood: an intimate, honest, and sometimes painful discussion about race. At the end, she said, people were in tears.

“She was a very trusted member of our community and she had that sort of steady hand of leadership, which is an amazing thing to see at 14,” Amend said. “You felt that it would all be all right if Ayanna was the head.”

Thirty years later, Pressley would shock the political world by unseating a 10-term congressman heavily backed by the political establishment. But her poise and authority that day in the Parker auditorium are a reminder that like her grandfather, a Baptist preacher, she has always known how to command a stage. Unlike other insurgent candidates who are finding their political ambitions in the age of Donald Trump, Pressley had been working toward this moment all her life.

“Everyone knew from when she was 10 years old that she was going places,” Amend said.

To get from Chicago’s North Side to the cusp of a seat in Congress, she would overcome sexual abuse and financial hardship, dropping out of Boston University when her mother lost her job.

The guiding force in her journey was her mother, Sandra Pressley, a tenants’ rights organizer who raised her while her father, Martin Terrell, struggled with heroin addiction and spent 16 years in and out of prison. Her father’s absence was not the only trauma in Pressley’s early life. She has said, without elaborating, that she also survived a decade of childhood sexual abuse.

An awkward silence hung over the auditorium at the Francis W. Parker School, a prestigious private school in Chicago, where 300 mostly wealthy, white high school students were supposed to be talking about race relations to commemorate Martin Luther King Jr Day.

Then, the organizer of the event, a 14-year-old freshman, stepped forward and shared her experience as one of the only black students at Parker. Something in the room shifted.

Over the next hour, Ayanna Pressley and her co-organizer, a white student named Allison Amend, led their classmates in what Amend recalled as one of the most formative moments of her childhood: an intimate, honest, and sometimes painful discussion about race. At the end, she said, people were in tears.

“She was a very trusted member of our community and she had that sort of steady hand of leadership, which is an amazing thing to see at 14,” Amend said. “You felt that it would all be all right if Ayanna was the head.”

Thirty years later, Pressley would shock the political world by unseating a 10-term congressman heavily backed by the political establishment. But her poise and authority that day in the Parker auditorium are a reminder that like her grandfather, a Baptist preacher, she has always known how to command a stage. Unlike other insurgent candidates who are finding their political ambitions in the age of Donald Trump, Pressley had been working toward this moment all her life.

“Everyone knew from when she was 10 years old that she was going places,” Amend said.

To get from Chicago’s North Side to the cusp of a seat in Congress, she would overcome sexual abuse and financial hardship, dropping out of Boston University when her mother lost her job.

The guiding force in her journey was her mother, Sandra Pressley, a tenants’ rights organizer who raised her while her father, Martin Terrell, struggled with heroin addiction and spent 16 years in and out of prison. Her father’s absence was not the only trauma in Pressley’s early life. She has said, without elaborating, that she also survived a decade of childhood sexual abuse.

Pressley also remembers being with her mother at 10 years old at the victory party for Harold Washington, who became Chicago’s first black mayor in 1983. Sandra Pressley was “my shero and bedrock and foundation,” her daughter says, using a word for a female hero.

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